# PADI IDC Theory - Physics

### Test yourself with these questions

Ok, let’s take things one step at a time.
Here we’ll talk about THREE major topics that come up time and time again on PADI Physics exams.

1. Calculating Pressure

2. The Effects of Pressure

3. Displacement

In each of the areas, I’ll give a few tips, and show you a video.

Then you’ll get a chance to answer some questions.

Each of the videos are from my Online Preparation Course.

You can watch the video first, or you can steam straight into the questions.

Good luck!

## 1. How to calculate pressures underwater

Every 10 metres or 33 feet of seawater, Gauge pressure changes by 1 atm.
Total, or Absolute pressure includes both Gauge pressure and Atmospheric pressure.
E.G. Pressure at 10 metres or 33 feet = 1 amt of Gauge pressure and 1 atm for the atmospheric pressure. 1+1=2 atm.

### Why this is important

You need to be able to calculate pressures in seawater to be able to answer all those quesions like:
“what size will a balloon become if you take it down to 30 metres/99 feet?

### Extra information

Metric
For every one metre in sea water, pressure changes by 0.1 atm. Example: at 23 metres pressure is: 23 X 0.1 = 2.3 atm for gauge, +1 = 3.3 for absolute.
Imperial
For every foot of sea water, pressure changes by 0.0303 atm. Example at 76 feet pressure is 76 X 0.0303 = 2.3 atm for gauge + 1 = 3.3 for absolute
Fresh Water
In fresh water, it’s much the same, but for metric use 0.097 for every metre, and in imperial use 0.0294 for every foot.Effe

## 2. How to calculate - effects of pressure

As you get deeper, some things get smaller (e.g volumes) and some things get larger (e.g.density, breathing rates, gas percentages)

Use your practical diving experience to work out whether the answer will be larger or smaller. Then either multiply or divide the number by the absolute pressure.

### Why this is important

Usually PADI Physics exam questions have more questions about the effect of pressure than any other topic.

All questions related to depth can be answered using the methods in my video:

• Volume of balloons
• Breathing rates
• Partial pressures of gasses
• How much air needs to pumped from the surface

"A HUGE thank you for the fantastic Distance Learning course (and I do LOVE Physics now!).  Your teaching methods are second to none"

Caroline

### Test Questions - PADI IDC Physics - effect of pressure

“I have to say your Physics formulas helped me no end, it all made sense! Amazing, I can’t believe I now understand Physics, so a big THANK YOU to you for the preparation course"

Andrea

## 3. How to calculate PADI displacement questions

Metric

In fresh water, it’s often as simple as taking one number (litres of displaced water) from another (weight in kilos of the object).

In salt water, first divide the weight (kilos) by 1.03, and then go ahead as with fresh.

Imperial

Multiply the cubic feet of displaced water by 62.4 in fresh water, or 64 in sea water, then deduct that number from the weight (pounds) of the object. Divide that number by either 62.4 or 64 depending on freshwater or seawater to get the answer in cubic feet.

### Why this is important

Back in ancient Greek times, Archimedes said: “a body immersed in a fluid experiences an upthrust equal to the weight of the fluid displaced.”

But he didn’t need to take PADI IDC Exams on diving physics!

The good news is that it’s SO much easier than some people think! Take a look at the video before you attempt the questions.

"The Distance Learning preparation course made me feel so more relaxed about the course and allowed me to enjoy the IDC so much more. There were no long days in the classroom for me!"

Tracy

### How did you get on?

Don’t worry if you got a bit confused with these questions. They’ll become clearer with practice.

The more that you practice, the more you’ll understand and the more confident you’ll get.

Here is a lot more help with PADI IDC Dive Theory

## PADI IDC Exam Questions - Mock Exams

They’re all written with the same format and the same content as you’ll find on your final PADI Instructor Exams.

Each individual exam (A, B, C, D or E) is a replica of what you’ll find on your final PADI Instructor Exam.
Each has

• 5  Theory Exams each with 12 questions
• 1 Standards Exam with 50 questions

And of course all of the answers.

#### Buy each exam separately for US\$12 each (or the equivalent in your currency)

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Kevin

"the teaching methods used really helped me to achieve my potential! I’m looking forward to becoming the Dive Instructor who others will admire and want to emulate”

Peter

The “Prior Knowledge Family” Facebook page is packed with like-minded people. Some are very experienced and some just starting out on the road to being a PADI pro. Everyone is friendly and willing to give help and advice.  Many of them  have done previous courses with me over the past 20 years.
They are all enthusiastic and passionate about helping others.